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Union Membership Rate 8.6 Percent in Manufacturing

The union membership rate (the percentage of wage and salary workers who were members of unions) was 10.3% in 2019, compared with 13.4% in 2000. In 2019, the union membership in private industry ranged from 2.2% or lower in professional and business services; accommodation and food services; agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting; and finance and insurance. Union membership rates were above 14.0% in telecommunications; transportation and warehousing; and utilities.

Union membership rates were 39.4% in local government, 29.4% in state government, and 25.6% in federal government in 2019.

The union membership rate in manufacturing has declined from 14.9% in 2000 to 8.6% in 2019. Over the same period, the rate in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction declined from 11.3% to 4.0%. In publishing, except internet, the union membership rate was 8.0% in 2000 and 3.3% in 2019.

These data are from the Current Population Survey. To learn more, see “Union Members — 2019.” Union membership data do not include self-employed workers.

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