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Nine States Have Record Low Unemployment Rates

Unemployment rates were lower in July in 6 states, higher in two states, and stable in 42 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Three states had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier, one state had an increase, and 46 states and the District had little or no change. The national unemployment rate, 3.7%, was unchanged over the month and little changed from July 2018.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in five states in July 2019 and was essentially unchanged in 45 states and the District of Columbia. Over the year, 25 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 25 states and the District were essentially unchanged.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are modeled based largely on a survey of households. These data pertain to individuals by where they reside. The employment data come from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the establishments are located. For more information about the concepts and statistical methodologies used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.

Unemployment

Vermont had the lowest unemployment rate in July, 2.1%. The rates in Alabama (3.3%), Arkansas (3.4%), Maine (3.0%), and New Jersey (3.3%) set new series lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest jobless rate, 6.3%. In total, 14 states had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. figure of 3.7%, 8 states and the District of Columbia had higher rates, and 28 states had rates that were not appreciably different from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In July, six states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which were in Alabama, Maine, and New Jersey (-0.2% point each). Iowa and Wyoming had over-the-month rate increases (+0.1 percentage point each). The remaining 42 states and the District of Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant changes. (See table B.)

Three states had unemployment rate declines from July 2018: New Jersey (-0.7 percentage point), Vermont (-0.6 point), and Wyoming (-0.5 point). The only unemployment rate increase over the year occurred in Minnesota (+0.6 percentage point).

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in five states in July 2019. The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+35,200), Florida (+22,900), and Washington (+13,400). The largest percentage gains occurred in Utah (+0.7%), Idaho (+0.5%), and Washington (+0.4 percent). (See tables C and 3.)

Twenty-five states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in July. The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+323,300), California (+311,800), and Florida (+227,200). The largest percentage gains occurred in Nevada and Utah (+3.1% each), followed by Washington (+3.0%) and Idaho (+2.8%). (See table D.)

Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., July 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.7
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           6.3
Arizona .............................|           4.9
California ..........................|           4.1
Colorado ............................|           2.9
District of Columbia ................|           5.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.8
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Iowa ................................|           2.5
Louisiana ...........................|           4.3
Maine ...............................|           3.0
                                     |
Massachusetts .......................|           2.9
Mississippi .........................|           5.1
Nebraska ............................|           3.1
New Hampshire .......................|           2.5
New Mexico ..........................|           4.9
North Dakota ........................|           2.4
South Dakota ........................|           2.9
Utah ................................|           2.8
Vermont .............................|           2.1
Virginia ............................|           2.9
                                     |
Washington ..........................|           4.6
West Virginia .......................|           4.7
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.0
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from June 2019 to July 2019, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |    June   |    July   |    change(p)
                                |    2019   |   2019(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     3.5   |     3.3   |      -0.2
Colorado .......................|     3.0   |     2.9   |       -.1
Georgia ........................|     3.7   |     3.6   |       -.1
Iowa ...........................|     2.4   |     2.5   |        .1
Maine ..........................|     3.2   |     3.0   |       -.2
Montana ........................|     3.5   |     3.4   |       -.1
New Jersey .....................|     3.5   |     3.3   |       -.2
Wyoming ........................|     3.5   |     3.6   |        .1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant employment changes from
June 2019 to July 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |     June    |     July    |---------------------------
                              |     2019    |    2019(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Florida ......................|   8,989,100 |   9,012,000 |      22,900 |      0.3
Idaho ........................|     756,500 |     760,600 |       4,100 |       .5
Texas ........................|  12,810,700 |  12,845,900 |      35,200 |       .3
Utah .........................|   1,556,400 |   1,566,600 |      10,200 |       .7
Washington ...................|   3,496,200 |   3,509,600 |      13,400 |       .4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
July 2018 to July 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |     July    |     July    |---------------------------
                              |     2018    |    2019(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,044,800 |   2,085,100 |      40,300 |      2.0
Arizona ......................|   2,859,700 |   2,931,900 |      72,200 |      2.5
California ...................|  17,176,800 |  17,488,600 |     311,800 |      1.8
Colorado .....................|   2,734,300 |   2,787,000 |      52,700 |      1.9
Florida ......................|   8,784,800 |   9,012,000 |     227,200 |      2.6
Georgia ......................|   4,542,700 |   4,617,000 |      74,300 |      1.6
Idaho ........................|     740,000 |     760,600 |      20,600 |      2.8
Illinois .....................|   6,123,300 |   6,186,000 |      62,700 |      1.0
Kentucky .....................|   1,931,700 |   1,959,800 |      28,100 |      1.5
Massachusetts ................|   3,641,600 |   3,678,900 |      37,300 |      1.0
                              |             |             |             |       
Mississippi ..................|   1,152,700 |   1,171,700 |      19,000 |      1.6
Missouri .....................|   2,892,900 |   2,927,600 |      34,700 |      1.2
Nevada .......................|   1,385,500 |   1,428,900 |      43,400 |      3.1
New Hampshire ................|     680,800 |     691,000 |      10,200 |      1.5
New Jersey ...................|   4,153,700 |   4,202,000 |      48,300 |      1.2
New Mexico ...................|     841,700 |     861,500 |      19,800 |      2.4
New York .....................|   9,684,600 |   9,780,100 |      95,500 |      1.0
North Carolina ...............|   4,496,500 |   4,572,200 |      75,700 |      1.7
Oregon .......................|   1,907,800 |   1,944,200 |      36,400 |      1.9
South Carolina ...............|   2,146,100 |   2,179,300 |      33,200 |      1.5
                              |             |             |             |       
South Dakota .................|     438,600 |     447,900 |       9,300 |      2.1
Tennessee ....................|   3,060,500 |   3,115,600 |      55,100 |      1.8
Texas ........................|  12,522,600 |  12,845,900 |     323,300 |      2.6
Utah .........................|   1,519,200 |   1,566,600 |      47,400 |      3.1
Washington ...................|   3,407,200 |   3,509,600 |     102,400 |      3.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.

State Employment and Unemployment Technical Note

FMCSA updates SMS Web

September 13th, 2019
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration updated the CSA SMS Website on Friday with the Aug. 30, 2019 results. Complete SMS results are available to enforcement.

Household spending ro

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